When you are considering purchasing an engagement there are certain aspects about the ring that you should understand. The four “c’s” refer to the most important characteristics of a ring, which each must be considered to ensure an excellent selection is made. So what are the four c’s you may ask?

diamond wedding cut

  1. Cut
  2. Color
  3. Clarity
  4. Carat

These are the four criteria that are used to grade a diamond. The system was originally developed by the GIA, or Gemological Institute of America, and quickly adopted by the entire jewelers industry.

You should understand what each of the four C’s means and how it affects the look and price of the diamond.

Cut of the Diamond
The style of cut of a diamond will determine 50 percent of the price of the diamond that you choose to purchase. A diamond that is considered a full cut will have 57 or 58 facets, or cuts. This is factor will determine the amount of light that “bounces” off of the diamond. If even one of the facets are not cut properly, it can decrease the value of a diamond by a substantial amount. This means that if a diamond is cut virtually flawlessly the diamond will be considered rare and cost more.

Color of the Diamond
A diamond’s main ingredient is carbon. In fact, this makes up 90 percent of the make-up of a diamond. When the diamond begins forming, other minerals will become trapped, which ultimately determine the color that develops. For example, nitrogen will turn a yellow diamond. The color scale that is used for diamonds is D-Z, with Z being the most colored diamond, which means it will be less rare and therefore less expensive.

Clarity of the Diamond
The clarity of the diamond refers to the blemishes caused by the natural growth process of the diamond. These blemishes or inclusions can either be on the surface of the diamond, or the inner part of the diamond. The severity of the problem areas will determine the clarity rating of a diamond. The scale for clarity ranges from flawless to imperfect.

Carat of the Diamond
This is the weight of the diamond. For example, a one carat diamond physically weights 1/5 of a gram. A carat is then divided into points, which help to determine the final price. For example, one carat equals 100 points. The more points equal a higher price.

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